PREVENTIVE ONCOLOGY
FEAR NOT CANCER BUT THE DELAY

The word "Cancer" generates lots of anxiety because most people do not know that early detection cures and that cancer is preventable and the ways to prevent it. There are many unanswered questions, fears and myths in the minds of the people and here we are…to help each and every one of you.


The incidence of cancer is steadily increasing. Over the past two decades the incidence of common cancers has nearly doubled. The most common cancers are tobacco-related, cervix and breast cancers. Fortunately, these are the cancers, more amenable to prevention and control through early detection.


Cancer Institute (WIA) is the pioneer in cancer control initiatives, which started as early as 1961. Cancer control by early detection and cancer screening services for apparently healthy people has been part of the services rendered by the institute, since its inception.


In order to make this specialized services easily and widely available to general public, the department of Preventive Oncology is currently functioning in the Gandhi Nagar campus, Adyar, Chennai, away from the crowded cancer outpatient departments. This facilitates easy accessibility and reduces the waiting time for consultation and related services.


BREAST CANCER-EARLY DETECTION PLAN

Early detection is the key to cure breast cancer.


  • Beginning at age 20: Breast Self-Examination monthly following periods (BSE)

  • Age 30 to 39: BSE + Clinical Breast Exams (CBE) every two years.

  • By the of age of 40: BSE + Annual Clinical Breast Exams Baseline screening mammogram + Ultrasound breasts recommended.

  • Ages 40 to 49: BSE + Annual Clinical Breast Exams + Repeat Mammogram with medical advice

  • By the age of 50 : BSE + Annual Clinical Breast ExamsBaseline Screening Mammogram + Ultrasound Breasts

  • Ages 50 and older and Post Menopausal women:BSE + Annual Clinical Breast Exams + Repeat Mammogram with medical advice

  • Maintain a healthy weight, follow a low-fat diet, get regular physical activity


    This is a general recommendation. Women at increased risk such as positive family history require close monitoring.


    Any palpable lump in the breast requires immediate medical attention.


    PREVENT CERVICAL CANCER


    Cervical cancer is a preventable cancer. A virus called Human Papilloma virus is necessary for causing this cancer.


    All sexually women should undergo screening tests like pap smear or HPV testing or both. It is necessary to repeat the tests periodically once a year or two years based on medical advice.


    Any abnormalities detected on these tests should be treated immediately to prevent cervix cancer.


    Women above 50 years of age and post-menopausal women should have a baseline pap smear if they are not previously screened. Tests may be repeated if necessary. Annual Gynec/pelvic examination is strongly recommended.


    HPV Vaccines:Vaccines are available to prevent cervical cancer. These are recommended for children 11 to 13 years of age for maximum benefit, though girls of any age before the onset of sexual activity can receive the vaccines.


    Vaccines do not offer 100% protection against cervical cancer. Therefore it is mandatory to undergo screening tests as recommended after the onset of sexual activity.