NUCLEAR MEDICINE
ACTIVITIES
Patient related or routine

Doing bone scans, I-131 neck uptake and scans and whole body metastatic survey with I-131 for differential thyroid cancer, Ejection Fraction Calculation by MUGA technique, Renogram (Tc-99m DTPA) for evaluation of GFR , DMSA(V) scans for medullary carcinoma, I-131 MIBG scan for neuroectodermaltumours (Phaechromocytoma, Neuroblastoma etc.) and Ga-67 studies for lymphoma and Tc-99m MIBI for Parathyroid Scintigraphy and Scintimammography, SPECT for haemangioma (Tc-99m RBC studies) Ventilation Scan (Tc-99m DTPA) and Perfusion Scan (Tc-99m MAA) for prediction of postoperative FEV1 calculation in lung resection. Therapeutic nuclear oncology includes high dose therapy for Ca.Thyroid with I-131, Radio phosphorous and Radio Samarium for palliation of bone metastases, I-131 MIBG therapy for neuroendocrine tumours.


Any other relevant particulars

  • In a nuclear medicine test, small amounts of radiopharmaceuticals are introduced into the body by injection, swallowing, or inhalation.
  • Radiopharmaceuticals are substances that are attracted to specific organs, bones, or tissues.

  • The amount of radiopharmaceutical used is carefully selected to provide the least amount of radiation exposure to the patient but ensure an accurate test


    Nuclear Medicine studies involve the use of small amount of radioactive isotopes administered into the body.


    It is mainly used to detect the spread of cancer to the bones especially in cancer of breast, prostate, thyroid & lung.


    The functions of organs like kidney, liver and brain are also being studied by the isotopes.


    We also use similar isotopes for studying the function of thyroid gland.


    Radioactive iodine is used to detect the spread of cancer into other organs.


    We also use such isotopes for the treatment of the similar spread to other organs.


    Advantages Of Nuclear Medicine

    Cost effective.


  • Nearly 100 different imaging procedures are available today

  • Provides information about the function of virtually every major organ system.

  • The safest diagnostic imaging tests available.

  • The amount of radiation in a nuclear medicine procedure is comparable to that received during a diagnostic x-ray.

  • Children can commonly undergo nuclear medicine.

  • Nuclear medicine procedures are painless and do not require anesthesia.

  • Nuclear medicine is practiced only by


  • Licensed physicians

  • Certified technologists

  • Physicists

  • Radiation safety officers and Pharmacists.

  • Nuclear medicine combines chemistry, physics, mathematics, computer technology, and medicine in using radioactivity to diagnose and treat disease.

  • Nuclear imaging detects functional (vs. anatomical) properties of the human tissue.

  • The imaging is done by tracing the distribution of radiopharmaceuticals within the body with a suitable instruments.

  • The various types of NM images can be classified as


  • Static planar scintigraphy

  • Dynamic planar scintigraphy

  • Whole-body scintigraphy

  • Single photon emission computerized tomography

  • Multi gated acquisition

  • Radiation safety


  • Although we don't think much about radiation, everyone is continually exposed to radiation from natural and manmade sources.

  • Most nuclear medicine procedures expose patients to about the same amount of radiation as they receive in a few months of normal living.

  • EDUCATION ACIVITIES

    CMEs are conducted by the department. Invited speakers from reputed institutions in the country and from abroad participate.


    RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

  • Comparison of Gallium-67 and Tc-99m Tetrofosmin uptake in lymphoma

  • Assessment of response of limb sarcoma to neoadjuant chemotherapy with Tc99m Sesta MIBI

  • Role of Scintimammography in the evaluation of response to neo-adjuvant Chemo-radiotherapy in cancer of breast

  • Ventilation & perfusion studies to assess the postoperative FEV1 for those who undergo lung resections

  • Sentinel Node Biopsy procedure

  • Academic programs conducted

    Observership Training given for post graduates of M.Sc [Medical physics] of Govt.Arignar Anna Cancer Hospital, Karapettai, Kanchipuram in our nuclear medicine department for a period of 1 month in 2 batches from since 2013 as a part of their Internship programme.